Running gpsd on a Raspberry Pi 3 over UART

Adafruit have a great tutorial for connecting and setting up their GPS Shield on the Pi. To connect it direct to the tx/tx GPIO pins on the Pi (instead of USB), there’s some additional steps covered here. Since the Pi 3 uses it’s hardware serial with the onboard Bluetooth, there’s additional steps covered that are Pi 3 specific.

After following those steps however, runnning cgps would run for a second and quit, with ‘No Fix’. What’s odd was that doing a ‘cat /dev/ttyS0′ would show the GPS NMEA messages being received, so I could tell the GPS board was up and receiving, but something else was not right.

Instead of starting gpsd as a daemon, running it form the commandline with additional debugging options gave some additional clues:

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo gpsd /dev/ttyS0 -n -N -D3 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock

gpsd:INFO: launching (Version 3.11)

gpsd:ERROR: can’t bind to IPv4 port gpsd, Address already in use

gpsd:ERROR: maybe gpsd is already running!

gpsd:ERROR: can’t bind to IPv6 port gpsd, Address already in use

gpsd:ERROR: maybe gpsd is already running!

gpsd:INFO: command sockets creation failed, netlib errors -1, -1

This thread has others with the same issue. There are some suggestions towards the end of the thread to edit /lib/systemd/system/gpsd.socket and change some values, but the one recommendation that worked for me was to use this to start the service:

sudo service gpsd start

and then running cgps connected to the gpsd daemon, and everything is good!

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