Arch Linux is probably the first Linux distro I’ve come across that does not have a graphical installer. It boots from the iso and drops you straight into a shell.
Ok. Once you’ve realized this then the install instructions make more sense.
To install in VirtualBox I created an 8GB disk. Once booted from the iso, at the shell I used fdisk to partition 2 partitions, one 6GB for / and one 2 GB for /home, following the steps from this post.
In summary, the steps were:
- p – create primary
- 1 – 1st partition
- enter for start position default
- +6G for end point 6GB from start
- p next primary
- 2 – 2nd partition
- enter for default start
- enter for end at end of available space
p shows the created partitions, which ended up looking like this:
w to write the partitions and exit.
Next format the two partitions:
Mount and start the install!
At this point, pick up from the remainder of the instructions in the install guide and beginners guide.
When attempting to install grub, I got these errors:
Per this post (and here), looks like my repo databases needed to be created/updated? I ran
and this looks like it fixed my pacman database issue, but now at this point it looked like I’d ran out of space on /, but going back through the install docs, I didn’t do the
arch-chroot /mnt /bin/bash
step so looks like I was installing to the / on my iso live boot? Anyway, did arch-chroot,
and now re-running the command to install grub now worked.
grub-install --recheck /dev/sda
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
- Set root’s password: passwd
- Exit chroot
- Unount drives:
umount -R /mnt
Remove the iso in VirtualBox, and restart – whoah, Arch is installed! Now time to install X and a window manager! Next steps depending on what you intend to use Arch for are covered in the general recommendations guide.
Create a user:
useradd -m -G wheel -s /bin/bash username
Use password username to set password.
Network setup guide is awesome!
Add name servers to /etc/resolv.conf (e.g. for Google nameservers)
Start and enable dhcp services to start at boot:
systemctl start systemd-networkd.service
systemctl enable systemd-networkd.service
systemctl start systemd-resolved.service
systemctl enable systemd-resolved.service
Check adapters: ip link – get name of VirtualBox adapter, will be something like enp0s3
Edit /etc/systemd/network/wired.conf, add:
Start and enable dhcpcd.service:
systemctl start firstname.lastname@example.org
systemctl enable email@example.com
… where enp0s3 is your VirtualBox network interface.
At this point you should have network connectivity – check by pinging www.google.com